Suicide, or killing oneself is the greatest act of despair. People with suicidal thoughts or behaviour experience dangerously extreme feelings of despair in reaction to difficulties in life such as loss, disappointment and failure. For most, suicide becomes a permanent solution to issues that are often only temporary.
Girls are somewhat more prone than men to attempt suicide. Older adults are the greatest at-risk people in the United States. Suicide among adolescents and young adults has declined in the past few years however, has been a troubling phenomenon.
Suicide is closely linked to major depression and impulsive behavior. Untreated major depression poses the best threat of suicide, but many different factors can increase a person’s risk. These include other psychological illnesses (like borderline personality disorder [BPD] and substance abuse), chronic or terminal physical illness and ecological elements. Specifically, emotional ailments (e.g., melancholy, BPD) that interferes with chemical abuse, pose a substantial risk factor for suicidal thinking and behaviour. In addition, low levels of serotonin in the brain are associated with depression and suicidal behaviour. Previous suicide attempts and a family history of suicide may also put someone at risk for suicide.
Most people who commit suicide provide some kind of warning to people around them. The indications are similar to those of melancholy and can have a loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed, isolation and a preoccupation with death. Generally, a particular plan for suicide using a date/time and access to lethal methods indicate a clear danger of suicide.
Suicide prevention includes educating people to comprehend and respond to the warning signs of suicide. Physical or mental health tests may help identify disorders regarding the suicidal thoughts/behavior. In rare and severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy may be recommended.
Friends and family of a suicidal person might have to intervene in case a loved one poses an immediate threat to himself or herself. This can include contacting a doctor, mental health provider, hospital emergency room or emergency services. Inpatient psychiatric care may at times be necessary.
People struggling with suicidal thoughts/behavior can do a few things to stay on track with their treatment. These include creating a security plan, developing a support system, removing lethal methods or methods from their home, and avoiding drug or alcohol use. Anyone with ideas of suicide can get local or national suicide prevention crisis hotlines.